A volunteer checks his mask at the drive-thru coronavirus testing site that opened March 13 by UCHealth at South Parkside Drive and Kidskare Point, one block east of Memorial Park in Colorado Springs.

Colorado Gov. Jared Polis announced he would order most residents to stay at home starting Thursday.

The order follows moves by Denver-area communities and San Miguel counties, and is similar to orders issued in a string of states from the Pacific Northwest to New York.

How would it be enforced?

Details on statewide enforcement were pending.

In San Miguel County, it's is enforceable by a fine of up to $5,000 and imprisonment in county jail for up to 18 months, according to the order.

In California, the governor expect police will be needed to enforce his stay-at-home order, saying "social pressure" already has led to social distancing throughout the state.

That's similar to what Denver Mayor Michael Hancock announced. Mostly the orders rely on social pressures rather than policing.

What would stay open?

While exact details of the governor's order haven't been released, Polis has already outlined essential businesses, to include medical facilities, grocery stores, defense contractors, the news media, automotive, child care centers and others. Those will stay open. Hardware stores are exempt, too.

So, will government public safety operations, the military, construction firms.

In San Miguel County, grocery stores, farmers markets, food banks, convenience stores, takeout and delivery restaurants, banks, gas station, laundromats/laundry services, and essential state and local government functions, including law enforcement and offices that provide government programs and services, will remain open. The same goes for California.

In San Miguel County, cannabis businesses can still operate, but can only accept pick-up orders.


What would close?

In Colorado, restaurants (except for take-out and delivery), theaters, gyms, casinos, hair/nail salons, spas, and tattoo parlors were closed this week for 30 days per order of Gov. Jared Polis. Additionally, in-person learning at schools has been suspended through April 17, and public gatherings of more than 10 people are prohibited. 

In California, the following are currently closed: bars and nightclubs, entertainment venues, gyms and fitness studios, public events and gatherings, convention centers, and dine-in restaurants.


What activities are allowed outside of one's residence?

In San Miguel County, residents are able to leave their homes to complete tasks such as shopping for groceries, picking up prescriptions, visiting the doctor, picking up supplies necessary to work from home, exercising (while social-distancing), and to care for a family member or pet in another household.

In California, the orders allow residents to venture out only for essential jobs, errands and some exercise.


Are there exceptions?

Yes. In San Miguel County, those who work for essential businesses like those in the health care, food and hardware retail, food cultivation, media, auto-related, and transportation industries, as well as governmental entities, may continue to go to work, though they must practice social-distancing.

In California, the governor's action orders all residents "to stay home or at their place of residence, except as needed to maintain continuity of operation of the federal critical infrastructure sectors.”

It links to a Department of Homeland Security document that lists 16 "critical infrastructure sectors whose assets, systems, and networks, whether physical or virtual, are considered so vital to the United States that their incapacitation or destruction would have a debilitating effect on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination thereof.”

They include the chemical; commercial facilities; communications; critical manufacturing; dams; defense industry base; emergency services; energy financial services; food and agriculture; government facilities; healthcare and public health; information technology; nuclear reactors, materials, and waste; transportation; and water and wastewater systems sectors.

The Associated Press, The LA Times and 9News contributed to this report.

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