Wondering if you can substitute rice flour for all-purpose flour?Yes, with some consideration.Rice flour is ground from regular white rice or from brown rice. It is used in many recipes, including baked goods, because it’s gluten-free.Don’t confuse rice flour with glutinous or sweet rice flour, which is made from high-starch short-grain rice. Sweet rice flour is used to thicken sauces and desserts.Baked goods made with rice flour can be crumbly, so you will need to add some arrowroot or other thickener. Also, because rice flour absorbs more moisture, according to www.foodsubs.com, more liquid may need to be added to the recipe.If you don’t add more liquid, the site recommends substituting only 7/8 cup (14 tablespoons) of rice flour for each cup of all-purpose flour.Rice flour can be blended with other non-gluten or non-grain flours and other gluten-free ingredients to make up a baking mix that will act like flour.I found this recipe for a gluten-free baking mix that calls for rice flour in “The Gluten-Free Gourmet: Living Well Without Wheat” by Bette Hagman.The recipe makes 3 cups:Mix together 2 cups white rice flour, 2/3 cup potato starch and 1/3 cup tapioca flour. Use, cup for cup, in place of wheat flour. When using in recipes, you will need to add extra protein or leavening — such as egg whites, milk powder, gelatin or egg replacer — depending on the recipe.Now, how about those onion rings? I found a recipe from the Food Network’s Tyler Florence and one at www.about.com for making onion rings with rice flour to make them crispier.
3 large onions1 cup rice flour, plus about 1/2 cup more1 teaspoon baking powder1 teaspoon garlic powder1 egg3/4 cup waterOil for frying
Procedure:1. Peel onions and cut into 1/8- to 1/4-inch-thick slices. Separate into rings and remove thin membrane between layers.2. Heat oil in deep skillet or saucepan to at least 350 degrees.3. Into large bowl, sift together 1 cup rice flour, baking powder and garlic powder. Mix in egg and water until mixture is smooth.4. In another dish, place remaining rice flour and season, if desired, with salt and pepper.5. Coat each onion ring in flour, then dip into batter and shake off excess. Place in hot oil and cook until golden brown, about 3-5 minutes. Remove from oil and drain on paper towels. 6. Serve warm, seasoned with salt if desired.