A judge issued an order Monday morning outlining steps required for the El Paso County Sheriff’s Office to protect inmates and jail staff against the coronavirus, including making masks mandatory within the facility, as the first steps in a class-action lawsuit filed by the ACLU of Colorado.
Under the order, which was filed in U.S. District Court in Denver, inmates will be issued two cloth masks and be required to wear them. Staff and contractors will also be required to wear masks and face discipline for failing to do so, the order stated.
Several other protocols in the order include continued testing of inmates throughout the jail and, when booked into the facility, screening of inmates who are at increased risk of severe illness from COVID-19 because of preexisting medical conditions. The order also requires consistent temperature checks by medical staff.
The order comes three weeks after the ACLU filed the lawsuit against the Sheriff's Office, alleging widespread failures to protect inmates and staff, leading to the one of the largest COVID-19 outbreaks in the state.
El Paso County Sheriff Bill Elder is the sole defendant in the case, which seeks improvements — including better medical care for the ill and access to masks for inmates — rather than monetary damages.
A spokeswoman from the Sheriff’s Office declined to comment on the order, citing pending litigation, but said staff "has taken, and will continue to take, appropriate steps" to protect inmates. The protocols listed in Monday’s order come as negotiations between the ACLU and sheriff's office continue.
"The Sheriff's Office has continuously consulted with El Paso County Public Health, other County leadership, and the Colorado Department of Public Health in evaluating and determining our COVID-19 response," said spokeswoman Jacqueline Kirby. "As this pandemic continues to evolve, the Sheriff's Office will continue to work diligently in collaboration with these new partners, as we have since the onset of this pandemic. It's important to remember the jail population represents a unique and fluid subpopulation of El Paso County and beyond. Outbreaks such as the one we saw are a reflection of the larger burden of disease in the community," she said.
The lawsuit alleged the office had "disordered, mismanaged" policies that allowed sick and healthy inmates to freely mix, compounding what the ACLU called a "mammoth, preventable outbreak."
Under the judge’s orders, deputies will be required to check inmates’ temperatures twice daily, tell the inmates their temperatures, and alert jail medical staff when an inmate’s temperature exceeds 99.4 degrees Fahrenheit. A fever is one symptom of COVID19.
Inmates who test positive must be isolated from inmates whose tests are negative, the order states, and staff should ensure inmates who are isolated have access to personal items, recreation materials and have as much time outside their cells as they had prior to isolation.
Medical staff is required to screen inmates testing positive at least once per day by taking his or her vitals and doing a full-symptom screening, and continuing to do so for 10 days and until the fever has resolved for at least 24 hours and other symptoms are improving, the order states.
"Some of the most significant portions (of the order) are what the jail needs to do for people who have tested positive for COVID," said Mark Silverstein, legal director of the ACLU. "They are now required to have medical to monitor them and check vitals, and that is something in the reports that we had been reading that just hadn't been happening," he said.
According to the jail's website, 1,084 inmates and 167 workers have contracted COVID-19, most since the outbreak in late October. The sheriff's office reports that six staff and 12 inmates remain positive, according to a Jan. 4 update.
Under the new court order, the jail is required to weekly provide the ACLU with an electronic copy of the roster, the total number of COVID-19 positive inmates, the number of COVID tests conducted during the prior week, and the number of inmates who tested positive for the virus from the previous week.
Editor's note: This story was updated Jan. 5 to include a statement from the El Paso County Sheriff's Office.