As Catholics mark on Monday the 75th anniversary of the Frances Xavier Cabrini becoming the first naturalized American saint, Colorado is celebrating the second Mother Cabrini Day, a state holiday that closes most government offices.

Gov. Jared Polis signed House Bill 1031 last year to replace the controversial Columbus Day for the patron saint of immigrants, whose ties to Colorado are deep.

 The permanent holiday  annually falls on the first Monday of October, just years  after then-Gov. John Hickenlooper declared a one-time St. Frances Cabrini Day in Colorado in 2017 to recognize the 100th anniversary of the Colorado saint's death.

Colorado provided the first and only state holiday named in honor of the saint and it's the only state holiday honoring a woman.

The Cabrini Day Holiday Commission provides a calendar of challenges for each day in October. You can find it by clicking here.

"St. Frances Xavier Cabrini, lived prophetically, a woman beyond her time, human and humanizing, and until today a beacon of hope and life," Sister Barbara Staley wrote in July to the members of the Denver order founded by Mother Cabrini. "She gave her all to bring the love of Christ to the ends of the earth.

“Mother Cabrini continually shows us that as we lay down our lives, so we truly can do all things through Christ who strengthens us. In her words: ‘God has done it all, I have only been a spectator of God’s work.’”

She arrived in Colorado in 1902. In 1905, she opened the Queen of Heaven Orphanage, a residence for girls in north Denver. She was born in Italy and naturalized as U.S. citizen in Denver in 1909.

Mother Cabrini was canonized July 7, 1946, by Venerable Pius XII.  She was named the Patroness of Immigrants in 1950.

In her lifetime, Mother Cabrini established 67 schools, hospitals and orphanages across the U.S. and Europe, as well as Central America and South America. She is the namesake of Cabrini University, a private Roman Catholic university in Radnor Township, Pennsylvania, that was founded by the Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in 1957.

The Mother Cabrini Shrine off Interstate 70 in the foothills west of Denver was originally created by her as a summer camp for orphan girls. It continues to be a destination for Catholics and tourists today.

On her last last visit to Colorado in 1912, Cabrini stayed at the mountain camp, which did not have a known source of water. She directed the girls to dig under a specific rock that yielded a drinking water spring, which  still provides water to the camp .

Mother Cabrini Day was a compromise of sorts after American Indian activists tried unsuccessfully for years to end Columbus Day. Indigenous people see the Italian explorer as a murderous invader, who never actually stepped foot in what would become America.

Looking for a trade route to Asia on behalf of Spain, Columbus landed in the Bahamas in Oct. 12, 1492, and it was declared the new world.

Colorado was the first to adopt Columbus Day as a state holiday in 1907; President Franklin Delano Roosevelt declared it a national holiday in 1934.

Mother Cabrini is one of 10 paid state holidays, joining New Year's Day, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Washington-Lincoln Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Veterans' Day. Thanksgiving and Christmas.

Colorado Politics senior political reporter

Joey Bunch is the senior correspondent and deputy managing editor of Colorado Politics. His 32-year career includes the last 16 in Colorado. He was part of the Denver Post team that won the Pulitzer Prize in 2013 and he is a two-time finalist.

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