In my mind, I have a visual map of Colorado Springs.
Maybe you do, too.
In my map, I see neighborhoods in colors.
For example, neighborhoods such as the Broadmoor, Skyway, Peregrine and towns like Monument are white. Glaring, gotta-wear-shades white.
Others, like my neighborhood in Rockrimmon, are more off-white. Predominantly white but not starched-and-pressed white.
That image probably is true for most of Colorado Springs, with exceptions.
Hillside and Deerfield Hills, in my mind, are black and Hispanic. Same for the Lowell School neighborhood, Mill Street, Stratton Meadows and the Widefield/Security areas.
Now, thanks to a cool website, http://mapbrief.com/co-census/, created by the folks at the Timoney Group in Denver, I have a new visual map of the area. And I'm surprised how different the reality is from the 20-year-old image in my mind.
Brian Timoney, a demographer and social analyst, plugged in U.S. Census data from 2000 and 2010 to allow viewers to easily see how cities along the Front Range changed in their racial and ethnic makeup during the decade.
(At gazette.com, I've posted a series of then-and-now maps of the region using Timoney's website.)
Timoney said the website was helpful as Denver was redrawing its city council districts and trying to ensure minority neighborhoods were represented.
"Oldtimers have a mental map that is often 20 to 30 years out of date," Timoney said. "In Denver, many think of the Five Points neighborhood as predominantly black. But it hasn't been for 25 years."
Similar changes have occurred in Colorado Springs, if not on the same scale.
For instance, the Broadmoor remains solidly white. But from 2000 to 2010 the diversity of the neighborhood was slowly changing, as evident in Timoney's maps.
More dramatic change is evident in the southeast part of Colorado Springs. Take Hillside, long a racially diverse and predominantly black area. According to the map, Hillside experienced a surge of white and Hispanic residents by 2010.
An interesting neighborhood to look at is around the Lowell School south of downtown. In 2000, it was predominantly Hispanic. Then came the townhomes and condos of redevelopment and suddenly it shows up as mostly white in 2010.
Then there is the interesting case of the development in the Woodmen Heights region northeast of Powers Boulevard and Woodmen Road. The Cumbre Vista neighborhood is being developed there along with Woodmen Vistas, a 10-acre subdivision where the Habitat for Humanity and Rocky Mountain Community Land Trust are partners in building low-income homes.
The two agencies launched the project in 2007 and when finished it will have about 70 homes.
Look at the map and see what Woodmen Vistas has done to the racial makeup of the area. It's gone from bleached white to predominantly Hispanic.
It's actually a little unusual to be able to clearly identify minority neighborhoods in the Springs, said Kee Warner, a sociology professor at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs.
"Colorado Springs, in comparison with cities across the United States, is not extremely segregated," Warner said. "Racial minority populations are more evenly distributed here, than even in Denver. It's not easy to identify certain neighborhoods as strictly African American or Latino."
There is no "Chinatown" or Irish or Italian neighborhood, as you commonly find in other cities.
And based on the maps, the city's predominantly white neighborhoods are trending toward eggshell, if you will.
"These maps tell us something about how the community is evolving over time," Warner said. "We've got significant diversity in our population below age 21 and we're going to see that work its way into our broader population. We're going to have an increasing diversity of our population."
Still there will be enclaves or concentrations of racial populations and they can be attributed to economics, whether it's a public housing project in South Shooks Run or Hillside, or among the mansions of the Broadmoor neighborhood.
"You've got to remember that the city is arranged by income levels as well," Warner said, adding that while slight shifting is expected, don't look for dramatic change in the racial makeup of wealthy neighborhoods any time soon.
But as for the rest of the city . . .
"Other neighborhoods will continue to shift," Warner said, noting the folks seeking out specific schools can drive population shifts. "It's part of the aging process of neighborhoods."
Check out the maps and tell me what you think you see.
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