Updated: February 10, 2014 at 8:41 am
Often, the rest of the story is as interesting as the original. That's the case with my recent column about Walt Disney's 1956 visit to the Florissant fossil beds and purchase of a 34 million-year-old stump.
After the Jan. 31 column ran, I learned a ton of new information including:
- The owner of the Pike Petrified Forest, Jack Baker, carried on a nasty war to attract tourists with the adjacent Colorado Petrified Forest, also a privately owned fossil forest business south of Florissant, which climaxed in a shooting.
- Another war erupted in 1962 when the National Park Service began urging Congress to acquire the beds and designate the property a national monument. At its peak, environmentalists converged on Florissant and prepared to stand in front of bulldozers assembled to break ground on a subdivision planned for the fossil beds.
- During their visit, Walt Disney's wife, Lillian, sat in the car and honked impatiently for her husband to leave the Pike Petrified Forest.
You may recall my original column was accompanied by a July 1956 photo of a 12-year-old boy sitting on the stump as it was being dug out for shipment to California.
Today, the area where the stump was dug up is part of the 6,000-acre Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument.
The day after the column ran, my phone rang.
"Hello, Bill," said the deep, gravelly voice of an older man on the line. "I'm the 12-year-old boy in the photo you ran today. I'm Toby Wells."
How cool is that?
Today, Wells is a 69-year-old retired rancher, and he had a great story to tell me.
Wells grew up on a 1,300-acre ranch that included the eastern edge of the fossil beds, which are generally a couple of miles south of Florissant and U.S. 24 in Teller County. And he said it was not uncommon to find fossils of insects, plants and fish in the rock around the area.
"We had some fossil outcroppings on our ranch," Wells said.
For a couple of summers, Wells worked as a tour guide at the 73-acre Pike Forest. On the evening of July 11, 1956, he was getting ready to close up when a fancy car drove up.
"He was a very distinguished man," Wells recalled. "They were driving a 1955 Chevy, turquoise and white, two tone.
"He said: 'Can I tour the forest?' I said: 'No. It's getting dark.' He said: 'How about a small tour.' And I said: 'I'll still have to charge you 35 cents.' And he said OK."
After the tour, the man's wife became impatient, honking and calling for him to leave. The man asked Wells about buying "a small specimen." Wells said he told him there were a lot of souvenirs in the gift shop.
"He said: 'No, I want something bigger. Like that stump,' " Wells said, referring to a 5-ton petrified Redwood stump that stood 7?-feet tall.
Wells said he'd have to talk to the owner, Baker, and he asked the man his name.
"He said 'Walt Disney' and I about fell over backwards," Wells said with a laugh. "It blew me away."
Disney quickly completed the sale, paying $1,650 for the ancient artifact, and left with Lillian for Colorado Springs.
"I never saw him again," Wells said.
Almost immediately Baker and a crew dug up the stump, used a crane to hoist it out and then trucked it straight to Disneyland where it remains on display in Frontierland, propped up near the Golden Horseshoe Saloon.
Disney's visit and purchase became big news and the photo of Wells sitting on the stump first appeared in The Gazette Telegraph, he said.
The Disney visit fueled bitterness between Baker and his competition, the much larger Colorado Petrified Forest next door. Wells told me how Baker enraged the competition by building an entrance road and erecting a grand gateway right next to its driveway.
"Then he put up big, obnoxious signs advertising the 'best stumps here' and that kind of thing," Wells said.
The feud turned violent when Baker was caught spreading nails along the entrance of the Colorado Petrified Forest, Wells said. As he drove away in his Chevy Nomad station wagon, shots were fired, striking Baker.
This story was confirmed by Michael Ausec, an antiques, gem and fossil dealer from Willamette Valley, Oregon, who grew up in Colorado Springs and was a personal friend of Baker. Ausec bought Baker's estate after he died in 1994 and has spent years selling Florissant fossils online since.
"Jack still had the Nomad in his driveway on South Institute," the street where he lived in Colorado Springs, Ausec said. "It still had bullet holes in it."
One of the bullets hit Baker in the stomach and could not be removed, causing him chronic problems the remainder of his life, Ausec said.
Wells also had a firsthand account of the fight between landowners and the National Park Service after efforts began to create the monument.
His family was forced to sell 73 acres to the park service for inclusion in the monument, including the family home.
"They took everything where we lived," he said. "Our house and everything. It was upsetting that all of a sudden you had to leave and move out of your home."
In fact, developers from Colorado Springs were offering a lot of money to ranchers in Florissant for their fossil bed property. One group paid $450,000 for 1,300 acres in 1969 as a bill was moving through Congress to create the monument.
That purchase led to a dramatic series of moves, including court injunctions and trials and a near confrontation between environmentalists and bulldozers that was averted at the last minute.
The whole saga is included in a fascinating book, "Saved in Time - The Fight to Establish Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Colorado" by Estella Leopold and Herbert Meyer. It's available online and gives amazing details about the hundreds of new insect species discovered entombed in the rock by scientists who explored the area as early as 1873. It also describes efforts to preserve the fossil beds, dating to 1891.
And it gives a blow-by-blow of the landmark legal battle that resulted in creation of the monument.
I was intrigued by the complaints of scientists as early as the 1890s about the "disappearing forest" and the amount of petrified wood and fossils being carted away. There's interesting detail about failed efforts to saw petrified stumps into pieces so trains could haul them off. And how the Colorado Midland Railroad advertised special trains for tourists who wanted to collect fossils.
The thought of all the history contained in those souvenirs that was sold for pennies makes me shake my head. And it's why I'm glad the area is now protected.
And it's why I'd like to see some of the best fossils returned for display.
Ausec, who bought Baker's estate, recently sold the paperwork associated with the Disney purchase, making it unlikely it will be available at the monument's beautiful new visitors center. But he still has a few rare specimens, he said. And he's even willing to consider returning them.
"I have a fish fossil that is excruciatingly rare," Ausec said. "And I still have three pieces of that original tree stump that's at Disneyland. The fish is special. It's about 18-inches long. It seems like it would be better off going back to Colorado than me selling it on eBay."
That was good news to Michelle Wheatley, superintendent of the monument.
She said the monument would welcome Ausec's contribution. He promised to meet with her in June when he comes back to visit his summer home in Victor.
It's also good news to Wells, who has donated many items to the monument's archives and been a "good friend" to the fossil beds, Wheatley said.
Even after losing his family home?
"I've always tried to help any way I can," Wells said. "People from all over the world have hauled off fossils. We had to preserve it or it would have all been gone. We all had to adjust. It's part of my history."
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