Memorial Day is about memories. With this in mind, I visited Joe Berg, the director of the 4th Infantry Division Museum at Fort Carson. There is a soft spot in my heart for the 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Division, with whom I served in Vietnam.
I asked Joe about Mini-Tet and the 4th Division. The North Vietnamese and Viet Cong Tet Offensive, Phase One, of January and February 1968, is well-known. Not so the Tet Offensive, Phase Two, in May 1968. We called Phase Two Mini-Tet, because it had all the ferocity of Big Tet. The 4th Infantry Division whose Area of Operations was the Central Highlands of South Vietnam, was particularly hard hit.
In late May 1968, I was with 1/8th Infantry in the mountainous tri-border area of Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. I asked Joe Berg what the historical record says about 1/8th Infantry and the 4th Division in the battles we fought there.
I knew the answer, but I wanted confirmation. The record is very skimpy. The 4th Division is a good outfit. In World War I, the division distinguished itself during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Pershing's sledgehammer attacks on the Hindenburg Line. In World War II, the 8th Regiment, my old unit, spearheaded the 4th Division's D-Day landings and was the first to secure its beach head, Utah Beach. But in Vietnam we never got the credit we deserved.
The battle cry of the division is "Steadfast and Loyal," and that it has always been. But in the Nam it was other units - the 1st Cavalry, the 173rd Airborne, the Marines at Khe Sanh - who got all the attention. Berg showed me Erik B. Villard's book, Staying the Course: October 1967 to September 1968 - the U.S. Army in Vietnam. Villard devotes about two pages to the 4th Division's battles in the tri-border area. There is a brief mention of 1/8th Infantry's fight with the North Vietnamese (NVA) 95C and 101D regiments at Firebase 29 on Hill 824 and other nearby firebases near the Montagnard village of Ben Het. Villard has a lot of ground to cover, so the brevity is understandable. But I wish it wasn't so.
I was on one of those hilltop firebases whose name I do not remember. At first we were glad to be on the firebase, relieved from humping the 75-pound rucksacks we carried. But that didn't last long. The enemy kept up a constant mortar and artillery barrage. Day and night mortar rounds fell like rain.
We were a shooting gallery for 75mm recoilless rifles from adjacent hilltops. Then came the two-week-long barrage by Russian-supplied 152mm NVA artillery out of Laos just five clicks (kilometers) away. Those were big rounds, coming in with a horrible shriek.
The NVA gunners aimed for the U.S. artillery batteries on the hilltop. We lived like moles in trenches and deep bunkers. We couldn't patrol outside the wire. They had us surrounded and to venture out was to risk a deadly ambush. Resupply helicopters came in at their own peril. We suffered like the Marines besieged at Khe Sanh. Not as long, but the same kind of thing. The spirit words on the 8th Regiment's coat-of-arms are Patriae Fidelitas - Faithfulness to Country.
I ran by the tactical operations center one night and tripped on something. It was the battalion placard, blown down by one of those huge 152 artillery rounds. In the glare of an explosion I saw the Latin, Patriae Fidelitas. The sentiment is powerful. Roman soldiers on Hadrian's Wall, guarding the empire's remotest frontier, must have felt it too. Now the 8th Infantry held a 20th-century frontier. I propped up the sign against the sandbags and ran to the safety of my deep bunker.
Joe Barrera, Ph.D., is the former director of the Ethnic Studies Program at UCCS, and a combat veteran of the Vietnam War.