Save this content for laterSave this content on your device for later, even while offline Sign in with FacebookSign in with your Facebook account Close

On Molokai island, the site of an 1860s leper colony draws determined travelers

By: M.L. Lyke The Washington Post
December 24, 2017 Updated: December 24, 2017 at 4:10 am
Caption +
Leprosy patients sometimes had to swim to shore from the cone-shaped Okala Island upon arrival at Kalaupapa. Photo by M.L. Lyke for The Washington Post.

My old mule Tita clopped straight to the edge of the first switchback. One more step and we'd tumble down a sheer cliff, falling almost 1,600 feet to the sea. But mules are smart creatures and, at the last instant, she swiveled 120 degrees onto the next leg of the pali trail, a rugged path that zigzags down 26 switchbacks to the historic leper colony of Kalaupapa.

The isolated site is the No. 1 tourist destination on the untouristy Hawaiian island of Molokai.

I felt a little queasy on that first switchback, leaning back in the saddle, bracing in my stirrups against the pitch, thinking, "Whoa, that's a long way down." Luckily, bushes blocked some of the most vertigo-inducing views, and I had a mule skinner behind me strumming his ukulele and singing in that sweet Hawaiian male soprano that calms the rawest of nerves.

I gave in to the music, the moment and the instincts of my sure-footed mount.

She was an ornery mule. "Tita" is Hawaiian for "sister," and this old sister had attitude, stopping willy-nilly, tailgating shamelessly and working the scary outside edge of the trail, even on hairpins. But I knew she knew her stuff. So after that first turn, I put my reins around the saddle horn - guides call this "autopilot" - and let Tita make the calls as we plodded downhill in jerks and jolts.

The thumblike promontory taking shape below - formed of flowing lava, hammered by rough seas and swept by trade winds - became the site of Hawaii's famed leper colony, which was started in the 1860s, almost eight decades before an antibiotic was found to arrest the disease. It was a perfect place for banishment, segregated from the rest of the island by some of the tallest sea cliffs in the world.

Over the years, more than 8,000 exiles would die there, many disfigured, crippled and blinded by the sickness now commonly called Hansen's disease. At its peak, the settlement had more than 1,200 residents: men, women and children. Today, only a few remain, all in their late 70s to 90s, along with the dozens of federal and state workers who manage what is now designated the Kalaupapa National Historical Park.

Only 100 visitors are allowed into the park each day. They must have permits and cannot talk to the former patients, take their photos or enter their properties. No one under age 16 is allowed.

Visitors arrive by small plane, a mule ride or a hike on the pali (cliff) trail, an arduous trek for the very fit. The 3-plus-mile trail is slippery in rain, subject to rockfalls and landslides, and narrows to a few feet in some spots. National Park Service workers occasionally pluck exhausted or injured hikers off the trail, calling for mule rescue or rolling the afflicted down the hill on a special wheeled gurney to be flown to medical care.

Mule trips pose their own risks. Riders can fall, or - if they shriek, freak or try to micromanage these heavily muscled, independent animals - can be pitched off. Which is why operators at the long-standing Kalaupapa Mule Ride take tourists' insurance information, require them to sign waivers and stick to hard rules. It's OK if you don't have equestrian experience. Guides will explain what to do. But you can't weigh more than 250 pounds or be pregnant, and you must be in good health.

I would add a caveat: If you can't trust an animal, don't go.

All three ways to reach Kalaupapa are expensive, requiring permits and prearranged tours on-site. My mule trip, with taxes and fees, cost $230. But locals had told me Kalaupapa was a "must-do," a sacred place with a "special feel." Every time I pressed for details, there were no more words. "Go. You'll see for yourself. You'll know."

I read interviews with longtime residents in the book "The Separating Sickness." They told of being tracked down by bounty hunters who got $10 for each suspected leprosy victim reported to the Board of Health. As young children, many were yanked from school, screened and quickly sent to Kalaupapa, still crying for their mothers.

Many subjects told how they were shunned by old friends and relatives. "My family hookai [rejected] me. They were sad and disappointed in me for getting this sickness." But there were also spouses and family members who demanded to come with their loved ones, regardless of risk. These were the kokua, the helpers.

I also read up on Father Damien, canonized as a saint in 2009 for his work at the colony. The hearty, handy 33-year-old Catholic priest came to the promontory's first settlement in 1873 determined to improve the lives of the sick and save their souls for Christ, constructing for them sturdy buildings and, sometimes daily, helping build their coffins and dig their graves.

Only a small percentage of people are susceptible to the disease, but Damien was one. He died in 1889, nearly blind and covered in the festering lesions that had so repelled him when he first arrived. Don't touch the patients, he'd been told. Within months, he was eating from the same bowl with them, sharing pipes, dressing their ulcerating sores and holding communion wafers to their tongues.

I thought about all these stories as our 11-mule train neared trail's bottom. My thighs were burning, and my knees were stiff and numb as I dismounted, took in the dreamy sandy-white beach beside me, and looked up, stunned by the intimidating green cliff we'd just come down and would be going back up.

"Your joints get a workout on the way down the trail. Can you guess what's going to get a workout on the way up?" asked our tour guide, Norman Soares. He wore a T-shirt with the image of an open Bible and the words "When all else fails . . . read the instructions."

Before boarding the tour bus, I asked Soares about a restriction that puzzled me. Why no one under 16? His sunny face turned somber as he explained how infants born in the colony were taken from parents immediately after birth for fear of contagion. Residents also grieved for children they'd left behind when they were forced into quarantine. They needed no reminders. "Some patients are still dealing with that brokenness," Soares said.

He took us to the village's little bookstore, stocked with volumes on Kalaupapa and religious souvenirs of Father Damien and Mother Marianne Cope, also sainted for her work helping the afflicted in the early decades. We traveled east across the peninsula to Kalawao, site of the initial leper settlement. Soares pointed to a cone-shaped island offshore and described how early sea captains with boatloads of new patients would anchor there, sometimes telling already frightened passengers to jump overboard and swim for shore in rough seas.

Our last stop was St. Philomena Church, which Father Damien expanded twice to accommodate his growing flock. In front of pews, I saw the floor holes that the priest had cut. Patients with excessive drool would roll big leaves into a funnel, put the narrow end into the holes, and, often through deformed lips, spit through to the ground as they listened to scripture.

In the church's graveyard, the priest's admirers had festooned his fenced plot with leis and necklaces of shell and bead. I looked across the other graves and up, to the towering cliffs knifing down into the sea, some of the peaks 3,000 feet high, furrowed with lush ravines and waterfalls. I thought about how - so visibly walled off from the world, homesick, ill, often shunned and forgotten - these exiles and thousands more buried on Kalaupapa made a life for themselves, creating a community that bonded, celebrated, married, buried and mourned together. "In Kalaupapa," said one resident interviewed in "The Separating Sickness," "we are all in the same boat; we help one another."

The mule ride up seemed easier on us, harder on the mules. Tita's sides were heaving halfway up. I could feel her heavy heartbeat through my thighs. And our Kalaupapa tour guide was right. My bottom was seriously saddle sore by the time we reached "topside" Molokai.

I took my tired body to a masseur the next day, and he used some swift Hawaiian Lomi-Lomi moves to "pull up the bad energy from the sore spots and whoosh it away." As he whooshed, I thought about another kind of ache, the one I'd experienced in Kalaupapa.

It was a strange sensation: a burning of heart, a tug of throat. I realized that it was that "special feeling" locals had described - a spell cast by a place of so much sorrow, so much compassion, so much courage and such staggering beauty. "Go," said the locals. "You'll see for yourself. You'll know."

I had. I knew.

Register to the Colorado Springs Gazette
Incognito Mode Your browser is in Incognito mode

You vanished!

We welcome you to read all of our stories by signing into your account. If you don't have a subscription, please subscribe today for daily award winning journalism.

Register to the Colorado Springs Gazette
Subscribe to the Colorado Springs Gazette

It appears that you value local journalism. Thank you.

Subscribe today for unlimited digital access with 50% fewer ads for a faster browsing experience.

Already a Subscriber? LOGIN HERE

Wake up with today's top stories in your inbox

Wake up with today's top stories in your inbox

Already a print subscriber?
Already a digital subscriber?
This is your last FREE article for the month
This is your last FREE article for the month

Subscribe now and enjoy Unlimited Digital Access to

Only 99 cents for Unlimited Digital Access for 1 month
Then $2.31/week, billed monthly, cancel anytime
Already a print subscriber?
Already a digital subscriber?

You have reached your article limit for the month
You have reached your article limit for the month

We hope that you've enjoyed your complimentary access to

Only 99 cents for Unlimited Digital Access for 1 month
Then $2.31/week, billed monthly, cancel anytime
Already a print subscriber?
Already a digital subscriber?

Exclusive Subscriber Content

You read The Gazette because you care about your community and the local stories you can't find anywhere else.

Only 99 cents for Unlimited Digital Access for 1 month
Then $2.31/week, billed monthly, cancel anytime
Already a print subscriber? Get Access | Already a digital subscriber? Log In
articles remaining
Thank you for your interest in local journalism.
Gain unlimited access, 50% fewer ads and a faster browsing experience.